Biosocial criminology is an interdisciplinary field which examines crime and deviant or otherwise antisocial behaviour with respect to both biological and environmental influences. Biosocial theories of criminology recognize not only the importance of sociology within contemporary criminology, but also fields such as genetics, neuropsychology, and evolutionary psychology. It is designed to integrate information from a variety of diverse fields for the purpose of establishing a unified and coherent framework by which to study criminal activity. Biosocial theory represented a departure from mainstream criminological modes of thought by investigating genetic processes and personality factors, such as neurotic behaviour, obsessive compulsive tendencies, self-regulating deficiencies, and mental disorders, affect genetic functioning and predisposition toward deviant behaviour. Biosocial theories within criminology account for why individuals growing up in or exposed to similar environmental stressors can develop along different trajectories.
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