Botany, also referred to as plant biology, is the scientific study of plants, algae, fungi, and bacteria. Botany is one of the oldest scientific practices in the world, with recorded examples of botanical research dating back to thousands of years ago. Botany investigates plant distribution patterns, their physiology and biochemistry, genetic composition, and their interactions with their environment. There are a number of sub-fields and topics of study within botany, including plant taxonomy, phytochemistry, and ethnobotany.
Botanists strive to understand the application of plants, as well as proper forms of environmental management and agricultural improvement. Botany also has useful applications in many modern industries such as biotechnology, food and pharmaceutical, and environmental monitoring and nature conservation.
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