Sociological positivism is a school of criminological thought which suggests that societal factors – such as low levels of education, poverty, and negative subculture influences – within an individual’s environment or surrounding social or cultural structure could predispose that individual to crime. This field seeks to link crime statistics to sociological and economic concerns, such as population density, ethnographic diversity, distribution of wealth, and employment. Rejecting the classical notion that crime is a consequence of individual and predetermined decision making, sociological positivism investigates social influences in relation to propensity for criminal behaviour. Within this schema, crime and deviant activity are seen as normal, adaptive responses to the structural and sociological organizational and coercive factors of society.
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