Greek (ελληνικά) is an Indo-European language, and the official language in Greece and parts of Cyprus. It belongs to the group of languages that is unique, in the sense that both its ancient and modern languages are still in use. Ancient Greek is still read in rich historic literature and applied sciences, and it forms the basis of the modern Greek language.
There are three main Greek tribes, Aeoleans (settled on the Aegean islands), the Ionians (settled in present-day Turkey) and Dorians (inhabitants of the Peloponnese), and each of these tribes has created its own dialect. The famous literary pieces Iliad and the Odyssey by Homer were written in the letter of the Ionian dialect, and due to their popularity, the main literary language of ancient Greece was the Ionian dialect.
Modern Greek has two form: conservative – used in everyday communication, politics and society, and the official form used before 1976, and people’s language, which is now the official form used since then.
Linguists deem Greek to be very melodic and easy to memorize, even if it is very loquacious. Modern Greek is considered one of the richest languages today with a vocabulary comprising of over 600,000 words.
Modern Greek alphabet has 24 letters, and has been in use for more than 2.5 millennia. Due to its longevity, it has been the basis of other European syllabary, and is found at the root of the Roman alphabet as well as the Cyrillic alphabet. Many words used in everyday speech in many European languages, as related to art, science and culture, have originated from the Greek language, while it remained unchanged over the centuries and transmitted into other languages. About 25% of the English vocabulary is of Greek origin.
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